A 2015 study with participants between the ages of 17 and 25 that “aimed to assess the effectiveness of biodynamic craniosacral therapy as an adjunctive method for emerging adults with autism…. The group was administered 30 therapeutic sessions on a regular interval of time. The study uses a pre-test, mid- evaluation and post-test design to understand the significant improvement on the overall characteristics and domains such as language, sociability, sensory/cognitive awareness and physical health. However, the results indicated that there was a significant difference obtained within the group in terms of their improvement from the pre-test to post test in the social skills, speech and cognitive awareness, with no significant improvement in physical behavior. From these findings, it is observed that biodynamic craniosacral therapy has contributed towards the improvement of the autism characteristics of the sample to a significant degree. The study tried to explain the possible reasons for the present findings and suggested what could be incorporated for the effectiveness of the self-healing body mechanism.”
Research: PriyankaM B. “Effectiveness of Biodynamic Craniosacral Therapy on Emerging Adults with Autism.” International Journal of Physical and Social Sciences, 2015 5(7),68-80; Published online 30 December 2015.
A 2012 study evaluating the increased effectiveness of Sensory-Integration Therapy (SIT) when used in conjunction with Craniosacral Therapy (CST). Twenty autistic children participated in this study over the span of 6 months. Findings report: “it is clearly evident that there was overall improvement of children occur in both the groups. However the experiment group had shown better improvement as compared to control group. This difference in the result may be due to application of CST in experiment group.”
Research: Mishra DP, Senapati A. “Effectiveness of Combined approach of CraniosacralTherapy (CST) and Sensory-Integration Therapy (SIT) on reducing features in Children with Autism” The Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy 2015 Jan-April;47(1):3-8.
A 2015 randomized sham-controlled trial with 54 blinded patients experiencing chronic neck pain. Findings suggest: “Significant differences at week 8 and 20 were also found for pain on movement, functional disability, physical quality of life and patients’ global improvement. Pressure pain sensitivity and body awareness were significantly improved only at week 8; anxiety only at week 20. No serious adverse events were reported…. CST was both specifically effective and safe in reducing neck pain intensity and may improve functional disability and quality of life up to 3 months post intervention.”
A 2015 randomized controlled trial with 19 patients experiencing chronic non-specific neck pain. Findings suggest: “Most patients described positive changes in more than one of the following domains: physical (less intensity of pain, headache and dizziness, improved sleep and range of motion), perceptional (more upright and symmetrical posture, sustained deep relaxation), emotional (pain is less threatening, increased calm, confidence and hope), cognitive (increased body awareness and self-efficacy, extinction of pain memory, increased concentration and less mind cinema), spiritual (sense of basic trust and peace), behavioral (moving in action alternatives, actively avoid stress, sport is again possible), social (more social contacts and activities) and economic domain (less pain medication, improved work efficiency). Several patients reported initial aggravation of symptoms, but no persisting or serious adverse events.”
Research: Haller H, Cramer H, Lauche R, Dobos G, Berger B. “Patients’ experiences of Craniosacral Therapy in the treatment of chronic neck pain: a qualitative analysis of health outcomes.” ICCMR 2015 Poster Presentation Abstracts 2015 April; P2.034.
A 2014 preliminary report of a study aimed to “examine the utility of craniosacral therapy techniques in the treatment of patients with lumbosacral spine overload and to compare its effectiveness to that of trigger point therapy, which is a recognised therapeutic approach.” The study consisted of 55 participants between the ages of 24 to 47 with low back pain due to overload only. Conclusions of the study: “1. Craniosacral therapy and trigger point therapy may effectively reduce the intensity and frequency of pain inpatients with non-specific low back pain. 2. Craniosacral therapy, unlike trigger point therapy, reduces the resting tension of the multifidus muscle in patients with non-specific lumbosacral pain. . . 3.Craniosacral therapy and trigger point therapy may be clinically effective in the treatment of patients with non-specific lumbosacral spine pain.”
A 2014 follow-up study “aimed to report on follow-up data of a randomized controlled trial in chronic non-specific neck pain patients” with 54 individuals experiencing chronic non-specific neck pain. “Study results indicate that Craniosacral Therapy is more effective in relieving chronic non-specific neck pain and in improving physical quality of live than an active attention-control condition, even 3 months post intervention.”
Research: HallerHeidemarie, Lauche Romy, Cramer Holger, Rampp Thomas, Saha Felix J., Ostermann Thomas, and Dobos Gustav J.. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. May 2014, 20(5): A18-A18.
A 2012 review of available literature regarding CST supporting its potential efficacy. “A previously conducted systematic review did not obtain valid scientific evidence that CST was beneficial to patients…. This review revealed the paucity of CST research in patients with different clinical pathologies. CST assessment is feasible in RCTs and has the potential of providing valuable outcomes to further support clinical decision making. However, due to the current moderate methodological quality of the included studies, further research is needed.”
Research: Anne Jäkel, Philip von Hauenschild. “A systematic review to evaluate the clinical benefits of craniosacral therapy”. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Vol 20. Issue 6, 2012.